Offshore Wind

Projects In The Region

The Southeast has many distinct resource quality advantages for offshore wind generation. For example, the proximity of the warm water of the Gulf Stream to the coastline, especially off of North Carolina, creates a highly energetic microclimate with higher wind speeds. Additionally, the southeastern continental shelf is gently sloped, allowing projects to utilize fixed-bottom turbines further off the coast where the wind resource is faster and more reliable. According to the National Renewable Energy Lab (NREL), Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia make up 82% of the East Coast’s resource in shallow water and 45% of the total East Coast’s offshore wind resource.

Offshore wind offers unique benefits for the Southeast, including economic growth related to the manufacturing supply chain, grid reliability and diversity benefits, and a natural hedge to fluctuating fuel prices.

  • Coastal Virginia Offshore Wind (CVOW): When fully constructed in 2026, Dominion Energy’s CVOW commercial project will deliver enough clean, renewable energy to the grid to power up to 660,000 homes.
  • Kitty Hawk Wind: A proposed offshore wind project located approximately 36 miles from Virginia Beach and 27 miles off the coast of North Carolina’s Outer Banks. The project was leased to Avangrid Renewables in 2017, which is also the company responsible for developing and operating the state’s first land-based wind farm. The Kitty Hawk Wind project will be developed in two tranches, and has the potential to generate 3,500MW of electricity, enough capacity to power approximately one million homes. The first phase of the project is estimated to be operational by 2030, and the second phase is estimated to be operational by 2032.
  • Carolina Long Bay: A proposed offshore wind project located approximately 22 miles from Bald Head Island, NC. This project is composed of two individual lease areas that were awarded in 2022 to TotalEnergies Renewables USA and Cinergy Corp., a non-regulated direct subsidiary of Duke Energy. The project is in the early stages of data collection and site assessment surveying. With an estimated capacity of 2.4-2.6 GW, Carolina Long Bay has the potential to power half a million homes.

Offshore Wind Resources